by Anai Rhoads
This procedure is an option for cervical mucous problems, low sperm count, inactive sperm, or sperm antibodies. AI is also an option for problems that affect male sexual performance such as impotence, and for physical problems such as obesity coupled with an unusually small penis, which can also affect male sexual performance. This is done only after you've tried to treat your infertility with other means.
The sperm is collected, washed, and then injected by syringe either into the vagina (which carries only a 12% success rate) or directly into the uterus (which carries a 10-22% success rate).
When a woman undergoes insemination with a donor's sperm, AI becomes DI -- donor insemination. Generally, DI is an ideal option for couples with untreatable male factor infertility or for single women, older women or lesbian couples desiring children.
Women undergoing AI must be able to ovulate; be clear of any luteal phase defects in order to have an "embryo-safe" uterus; have a good set of fallopian tubes; have no other pelvic abnormalities or serious infections.
There are three ways to artificially inseminate.
Anai Rhoads is a medical and political researcher/writer with a particular interest in the sanctions on Iraq and the wider effect of racism's influence in the Middle East. A vegan since 2000, she is a dedicated supporter of activities which promote animal and human rights. Originally from Greece, she now resides in Virginia, USA with her husband and their two dogs, Bijou and Eva.
Copyright © Anai Rhoads. Permission to publish granted to Pregnancy.org.