Simply stated, this term means placing sperm and eggs into the fallopian tube(s). This was popular as an alternative to standard IVF when the IVF laboratories were less able to support embryo development. As a result, pregnancy rates for GIFT were substantially higher than for IVF, but this is no longer the case. Patient selection is more stringent with GIFT. Candidates need to have at least one normally functioning tube and the sperm quality has to be reasonably good, since the sperm must enter the egg without assistance from the biologist. Egg and sperm placement into the tubes is done surgically, which increases costs and invasiveness. GIFT is still performed today, but with decreasing frequency.
The American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) through its Society for Assisted Reproductive Technologies (SART) division promotes standards and guidelines for IVF clinics. A visit to their website may be helpful in identifying member clinics in your area.
Stephen L. Corson is a Clinical Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Thomas Jefferson University School of Medicine, Section Head, Reproductive Endocrinology at Thomas Jefferson University School of Medicine, Director of the In Vitro Fertilization Program, Pennsylvania Reproductive Associates at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, and Director of the Women’s Institute for Fertility, Endocrinology and Menopause. He is a graduate of Wesleyan University and the University of Pennsylvania Medical School. He served his residency in obstetrics and gynecology at Pennsylvania Hospital and is Board Certified in Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Endocrinology.
Dr. Corson is a member of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists. He is author of Conquering Infertility, author or editor of eight medical textbooks and has published extensively in the medical literature. He is editor-in-chief of the International Journal of Fertility and Women's Medicine.
Copyright © Stephen L. Corson. Permission to republish granted to Pregnancy.org, LLC.