About 3% of all pregnant women develop gestational diabetes, a type of diabetes that occurs only during pregnancy. This condition results when the amount of insulin (the hormone that allows the body to process sugar) production by a woman`s pancreas is not great enough to meet her body`s needs. Without enough insulin, the level of sugar in the blood (blood glucose level) can become high enough to create health problems for both mother and baby.
Gestational diabetes usually appears about the 24th week of pregnancy, for it is at this point the placenta begins producing greater levels of the hormones that affect insulin use. Because physical symptoms are rare during the early stages of this condition, you may be screened at or around the 24th to 28th week of pregnancy for gestational diabetes.
If your screening test shows levels to be above a certain range, you will be scheduled for a more extensive test.
The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecologists (ACOG), in a recent statement recommends that a woman may not need laboratory testing to screen for GD if she meets all of the following criteria:
Women who are at a higher risk for GD usually have one of the following risk factors:
If you have gestational diabetes, there are steps you must take to control it. If the condition is not managed properly, and blood sugar levels remain too high for too long, your health can be severely affected.
Gestational diabetes can also result in your baby growing considerably larger than a baby of a non-diabetic mother. This larger size can present problems during the labor process and may make a Cesarean birth necessary.
Depending upon the severity of your gestational diabetes, the following may be recommended:
The amount and type of insulin you require each day will be calculated after obtaining the results of your daily glucose testing.
For your health and that of your baby, it is very important that you control gestational diabetes.
From Her Healthcare.