Skin Changes During Pregnancy

pregnant woman in coral dressNow that you are pregnant your skin may begin to change right before your very eyes. Your skin can change from a sudden new glow on your face to pinkish, reddish streaks on your stomach. You may wake up to a few blemishes, darker patches on your skin or even a dark line down your tummy. Not every pregnant woman will experience all the same skin changes. This list shares some common changes during pregnancy.

Stretch Marks

What is this?
Stretch marks are one of the most famous and talked about skin changes that can occur during pregnancy. Almost 90% of pregnant woman will experience stretch marks. Stretch marks appear as pinkish or reddish streaks running down your abdomen and/or breasts.

What can I do?
Exercising and applying lotions that contain vitamin E and alpha hydroxy acids have been said to help in the prevention of stretch marks. These remedies have not been medically proven to have a direct effect on stretch marks but it never hurts to try. If you find that nothing is working for you, take comfort in knowing that these streaks will fade to silvery faint lines after delivery.

Mask of Pregnancy

What is this?
"Mask of pregnancy" is also referred to as melasma and chlosma. Melasma causes dark splotchy spots to appear on your face. These spots most commonly appear on your forehead and cheeks and are a result of increased pigmentation. When you become pregnant your body produces more hormones, which causes an increase in your pigmentation. Nearly 50% of pregnant women show some signs of the "mask of pregnancy."

What can I do?
To prevent "mask of pregnancy" from happening to you, you should wear a good sunscreen that is at least SPF 15 whenever you plan on being outside. You can also wear your favorite ball cap to protect you face from the sun. Your skin is extra sensitive, and the sun increases your chances of these dark spots showing up on your face.

Pregnancy Glow

What is this?
When you are pregnant your body produces 50% more blood resulting in more blood circulation through your body. This increase in blood circulation causes your face to be brighter. Your body is also producing a fair amount of hormones that cause your oil glands to work in over drive, leaving your face shiny. Both of these things can result in the "pregnancy glow" you have heard of.

What can I do?
If your skin becomes too oily you can use an oil free cleanser to clean your face. Other than that, do nothing but smile!

Pimple Breakouts and Acne

What is this?
If you have a problem with acne already, your acne may become more irritated during pregnancy or it may just clear up. The extra hormones in your body cause your oil glands to secrete more oil, which can cause breakouts.

What can I do?
You should keep a strict cleansing routine. You can start with a simple over the counter face soap. It is a good idea to use fragrance free soap to avoid nausea. Cleanse your face every night and every morning. Washing your face more than this can cause your skin to be dry. Next use an astringent to remove any remaining oil. Stay away from any acne medicated astringents; they may contain acne medicine that may not be recommended for pregnant women. Finally, follow this procedure with an oil free moisturizer. If you find that you are having problems with acne consult with your doctor on acne treatment during pregnancy.

Caution! Accutane is not safe to use during pregnancy!

Varicose Veins

What are these?
Varicose veins are bulky bluish veins that usually appear on the legs during pregnancy. This happens because your body is compensating for the extra blood flow that is going to your baby. Varicose veins can be uncomfortable and sometimes painful. Unfortunately if you have a family history of varicose veins, you may be prone to get them during your pregnancy. The good news is that you can take measures now to prevent or decrease the symptoms.

What can I do?
To prevent or decrease symptoms, you should:

  • Avoid standing for long periods of time
  • Walk as much as possible, to help the blood return to your heart
  • Always prop your feet up on a stool when sitting
  • Avoid sitting for long periods of time
  • Wear support stockings
  • Get enough vitamin C (this helps keeps your veins healthy and elastic)
  • Sit with your legs higher than your head for at least half an hour a day.
  • Avoid excessive weight gain

Spider Veins

What are these?
Spider veins, also known as spider nevi, are minute reddish tiny blood vessels that branch outward. These spider veins are also caused by the increase in blood circulation. They will usually appear on the face, neck, upper chest and arms. Spider veins do not hurt and usually disappear shortly after delivery. Spider veins appear more often in Caucasian women than in African American women.

What can I do?
Increasing your vitamin C intake and not crossing your legs can help minimize spider veins. Spider veins may also be hereditary in which case there is nothing you can do to prevent them. Fortunately, these will most likely fade shortly after delivery. Laser treatment can also be done to help remove any spider veins that have not faded away.

Dry Itchy Abdomen

What is this?
As your beautiful belly grows, your skin stretches and tightens. This causes very uncomfortable dryness and itching. If you begin to experience severe itching late in your pregnancy, possibly accompanied by nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, fatigue and possibly jaundice, you should contact your doctor. This could be a sign of cholestasis, which is related to the function of the liver. Your doctor may take blood tests to verify if you are experiencing cholestasis. Cholestasis occurs in about one in every 50 pregnancies and is not a problem after pregnancy.

If the itching is intense and spreads to your arms and legs it could as be pruritic urticarial papules and plagues (PUPP). PUPP occurs in about one in every 150 pregnancies. PUPP is itchy, reddish, raised patches on the skin that will go away after delivery.

What can I do?
To help alleviate your dry itchy abdomen, you should keep your abdomen moisturized. You can also use anti-itch cream such as calamine lotion to help provide more relief. Cholestasis can be treated with medications. To help alleviate PUPP your doctor can prescribe oral medicine and anti-itch creams. Try taking a nice oatmeal bath to help relieve some of the discomfort.

Linear Nigra

What is this?
Linear nigra is the dark line that runs from your navel to your pubic bone. This is a white line that may have always been there, but you may have never noticed. Linear nigra is possibly caused by hormonal imbalance and appears around the fourth and fifth month of pregnancy.

What can I do?
There is nothing you can do to prevent this from happening, but after your pregnancy this line will fade.

Skin Tags

What are these?
Skin tags are very small, loose growths of skin that usually appear under your arms or breasts.

What can I do?
After pregnancy you skin tags may disappear. If they do not disappear, there are ways to remove them.

Darkening of Freckles, Moles and Other Areas of Your Skin

What is this?
Increased hormones cause changes in your skin pigmentation. You will notice that areas with dark pigmentation, such as freckles, moles, nipples, areolas, and labia, can become even darker.

What can I do?
There is nothing you can do to prevent this from happening. If you notice that a mole of freckle changes in appearance or shape you should contact your doctor. These darker areas can remain darkened after pregnancy. The change in pigmentation can be noticeable, but not drastic.

Reprinted with permission from American Pregnancy Association. Image © Fritz Langmann | Dreamstime.com