by Elizabeth Pantley
Children typically switch from two daily naps to one nap sometime between the ages of 12 and 24 months. However, that year of difference is a very long span of time. This tells us that age alone is not the only factor to consider when changing your child's nap routine.
This isn't about what your child thinks he wants. It's about the biological need for two naps versus
one. Naps at different times of the day serve different purposes in brain development at different ages.
Morning naps have more dreaming, or REM sleep, which makes them important for young babies who require it for early brain development. You don't want to rush the process if your child is still benefiting from this important sleep time.
There is another consideration when deciding to make a schedule change: The length of time that your child is awake from one sleep period to the next has an effect on his mood and behavior. The older your child is, the longer he can go between sleep breaks without getting cranky. That's the reason that that young babies need to divide their day up with two naps, but older babies can handle a full day with only one nap.
Since there is a wide range of what's normal it's important to study each child's behavior to see
when he is ready to transition to one nap a day. Use the following lists as a guide.
Signs that your child needs TWO NAPS daily
- Your child is under 12 months old
- When you put your child down for a nap he plays, resists, or fusses for a while but always ends
up sleeping for an hour or more
- When you take your child for car rides during the day he usually falls asleep
- If your child misses a nap he is fussy or acts tired until the next nap or bedtime
- Your child is dealing with a change in his life (such as a new sibling, sickness, or starting daycare) that disrupts his nap schedule
- Your child misses naps when you're on the go, but when you are at home he takes two good naps
Signs that your child is ready to change to ONE DAILY NAP
- When you put your child down for a nap he plays or fusses before falling asleep, and then takes only a short nap, or never falls asleep at all
- Your child can go for car rides early in the day and not fall asleep in the car
- When your child misses a nap he is cheerful and energetic until the next nap or bedtime
- Your child naps well for one of his naps, but totally resists the other nap
How to make the transition when signs point to change
Instead of thinking in terms of dropping a nap it's better to think in terms of a schedule change. The change from two naps to one nap is rarely a one-day occurrence. Most often there will be a transition period of several months when your child clearly needs two naps on some days, but one nap
on others. You have a number of options during this complicated transition time:
- Watch for your child's sleepy signs, and put your child down for a nap when indications first appear.
- Keep two naps, but don't require that your child sleep at both times, allow quiet resting instead.
- Choose a single nap time that is later than the usual morning nap, but not as late as the afternoon nap. Keep your child active (and outside if possible) until about 30 minutes before the time you have chosen.
- On days when a nap occurs early in the day, move bedtime earlier by 30 minutes to an hour to minimize the length of time between nap and bedtime.
Elizabeth Pantley is a mom of four, a parenting expert, attachment parenting supporter and the writer of several parenting books, including The No-Cry Sleep Solution: Gentle Ways to Help Your Baby Sleep Through the Night and The No-Cry Sleep Solution for Toddlers and Preschoolers. Elizabeth is a regular radio show guest and frequently quoted as a parenting expert in magazines such as Parents, Parenting, Working Mother, McCalls, Redbook and on over 50 parent-directed Web sites. She publishes a newsletter, Parent Tips, that's distributed in schools nationwide.
Copyright © Elizabeth Pantley. Permission to republish granted to Pregnancy.org, LLC.