Fallopian Tubes Part of the female reproductive tract. There are two long slender fallopian tubes through which eggs pass from the ovaries to the uterus. The Fallopian tube is essential for unassisted procreation, serving as a conduit for the ovulated oocyte (egg) to enter the uterine cavity following fertilization. Its functions are regulated both hormonally and by the nervous system, and it is the usual site for oocyte fertilization. Tubal function can be impaired by infection, surgery, adhesions, and other pathologic processes. Function of the tube can often be restored surgically or it can be bypassed through the use of in vitro fertilization of oocytes followed by intrauterine embryo transfer.
Fertilization The joining of genetic material from the woman's egg and the man's sperm. The monthly window for fertilization is only a few days. Once an egg is released, it lives no longer than 24 hours. Sperm can survive several days in a woman's body so a baby can happen from intercourse occurring a few days before ovulation to one day past.
Folic Acid Lack of adequate folic acid during pregnancy increases the risk of birth defect involving the spinal cord and brain -- a neural tube defect such as spina bifida (meningomyelocele) or anencephaly.
FMU-First morning urine First morning urine has the highest concentration of hCG so will trigger a pregnancy test a day or more sooner than more dilute urine from later in the day.
Follicle Ovarian follicle is the basic unit of female reproductive biology. A baby girl is born with about 1,000,000 ovarian follicles. Each follicle contains a hollow ball of cells with an immature egg in the center. Hormonal fluctuations initiate growth and development, culminating in ovulation of usually a single competent oocyte. These eggs/ovum are only developed once every menstrual cycle.
FRER-First Response Early Results Pregnancy Test According to their website, positive result were detected in "69% of women 4 days before their expected period, in 83% of women 3 days before their expected period, in 93% of women 2 days before their expected period, and in 93% of women 1 day before their expected period.”
FSH -- Follicle-stimulating Hormone Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) is one of the hormones involved in the natural menstrual cycle as well as in pharmacological (drug-induced) stimulation of the ovaries. It is the main hormone involved in producing mature eggs. Commonly a test for levels of FSH is done on cycle day 3. Results of 10 are reassuring. A good response to ovarian stimulation is expected.
GS -- Gestational Surrogacy The two types of surrogacy currently used are traditional and gestational. Traditional surrogacy is done via artificial insemination, with the surrogate using her egg and another man's sperm. Gestational surrogacy is done via In Vitro Fertilization, implanting fertilized eggs from another woman into the surrogate's uterus.
hCG -- Human chorionic gonadotropin Human chorionic gonadotropin is a hormone produced in pregnancy made by the the developing embryo soon after conception and later by the the placenta. After implantation, the developing placenta begins releasing hCG into your blood. HCG can be found in the blood before the first missed menstrual period, as early as six days after implantation. Some hCG gets spilled in your urine and can be detected as early as 10 days after implantation.